Also, you cannot give two components the same name and install them in the same directory. If you do, you overwrite the component on the second install on a dual-boot system. Note that the logo requirements recommend that you avoid installing different OS files if possible. Related to this problem is the problem caused when you install the wrong component or typelib for the locale in use, such as installing a U.
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English component on a German machine. This causes messages, labels, menus, and automation method names to be displayed in the wrong language. Write Components to the Right Places Avoid copying components to a system directory. An exception to this is if you are updating a system component. For that, you must use an update program provided by the group within Microsoft that maintains the component. In general, you should copy components to the same directory that you copy the EXE.
If you share components between applications, establish a shared components directory. However, it is not recommended that you share components between applications. The risks outweigh the benefits of reduced disk space consumption. Do Not Install Older Components Over Newer Ones Sometimes, the setup writer might not properly check the version of an installed component when deciding whether to overwrite the component or skip it.
The result can be that an older version of the component is written over a newer version. Your product runs fine, but anything that depends on new features of the newer component fails. Furthermore, your product gets a reputation for breaking other products.
Versioning in Software Configuration Management | SCM Versioning Guide – DevOps Tutorials
We address the issue of whether it makes sense to overwrite components at all. Instead, you have to set up the file to copy on reboot. Note that if one component is in use, you probably should set up all the components to copy on reboot. Note, too, that when installing DCOM components, you must be vigilant about permissions and security.
Continuous Integration (original version)
Copy Any Component That You Overwrite It is smart to make a copy of any component that you overwrite before you overwrite it. But by storing the component in a safe place, you make it possible for the user to fix his system if it turns out that the component you installed breaks it. Doing this might not save a call to support, but it does at least make the problem solvable. If the component is not in use, you can move it rather than copying it.
Moving is a much faster operation. Redistribute a Self-Extracting EXE Rather Than Raw Components If your component is redistributed by others for instance, your component is distributed with several different products, especially third-party products , it is wise to provide a self-extracting EXE that sets up your component correctly. Make this EXE the only way that you distribute your component. Such an EXE is also an ideal distribution package for the Web. If you just distribute raw components, you have to rely on those who redistribute your components to get the setup just right.
As we have seen, this is pretty easy to mess up. Your EXE should support command-line switches for running silently without a UI and to force overwriting, even of newer components, so that product support can step users through overwriting if a problem arises. If you need to update core components that are provided by other groups, use only the EXE that is provided by that group.
See a Problem?
Be sure to test on raw systems, on all operating systems, and with popular configurations and third-party software already installed. Also, test other products to make sure they still work after you install your components.
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